If you think you got messed up with something really difficult, get a load of this… Physical Therapy!
So, what is Physical Therapy?
Physical Therapy [also called Physiotherapy], is a specialty in health care that can help you restore or improve your ability to move because of an injury or a health problem. It is involved in:
- assessing and correcting movements
- restoring normal or highest possible function
- relief of pain and accompanying symptoms
- management of musculoskeletal dysfunctions
- promoting healthy lifestyles and improving quality of life
Physical Therapists are Movement Specialists. They are professionally trained healthcare practitioners and are specially trained to diagnose and treat conditions that affect your ability to move and perform your daily activities. Physical therapists also aid people in maintaining their normal functions by preventing future deterioration of bodily functions caused by illnesses, injuries, disabilities. They also help patients and clients with environmental adaptation and modifications in order for these patients or clients to function properly and independently in their environment.
Depending on your specific health problem and your overall goals, your physical therapist will create a treatment plan that is made specifically for you to achieve those goals.
Prior to developing a treatment plan for your condition your physiotherapist will perform a thorough evaluation of your body functions. The PT will start with interview and document your medical history pertinent to your condition, how you sustain your injury, and factors that aggravate or alleviate the symptoms. Depending on your condition, the physiotherapist will perform assessments such as your joint range of motion, muscle strength, movement patterns, functional limitations, etc.
Your physical therapist will then employ several treatment options to address your problems including:
- Therapeutic exercises
- Movement therapy
- Functional training
- Manual therapy techniques
- Dynamic Neuromuscular Reeducation
- Assistive and adaptive devices and equipment training
- Prescribe home exercise program and educate on home/work ergonomics.
- Some physios still use physical agents/modalities such as heat and electrical stimulators although their therapeutic effects have long been questioned.
There are several clinical specialties in the field of Physical Therapy. Some of these PT specialty areas include:
- Orthopedic Physical Therapy
- Sports Physical Therapy
- Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy
- Neurologic Physical Therapy
- Pediatric Physical Therapy
- Geriatric Physical Therapy
- Acute Care Physical Therapy
- Women’s Health Physical Therapy
Physical Therapy… The science and art of wellness.